Are there risks to the testing itself? Although most patients with Klinefelter syndrome are infertile, there have been a few patients with reports of pregnancy without assisted medical technology, typically in mosaic cases.
One study characterized 47,XXY males as timid, immature, and reserved, atypical sex chromosomes in determining in Atlanta difficulty relating to their peer group, whereas other studies described 47,XXY subjects as friendly, kind, helpful, and relates well with other people.
Prenatal diagnosis of SCA is increasing because of the widespread use of these technologies. In the absence of both a Y chromosome and the influence of a testis-determining factor TDFovaries develop. Testosterone also has beneficial long-term effects that might reduce the risk of osteoporosis, autoimmune disease, and breast cancer [ 24 ].
Syndromes that are caused by a sex chromosome abnormality are less severe than those caused by a nonsex chromosome abnormality. Background InDr Harry Klinefelter published a report on nine men with a constellation of features: testicular dysgenesis, elevated urinary gonadotropins, microorchidism, eunuchoidism, azoospermia, and gynecomastia [ 1 ].
J Investig Med. It describes the diagnosis, physical aspects, medical problems, and neurodevelopmental [ The personality and psycho-sexual development of boys with 47,XXY chromosome constitution. Are extra X or Y chromosomes inherited?
Spinal Anatomy. Animal research also raises the issue of extrapolation. Social learning theory regards gender identity and role as a set of behaviors that are learned from the environment. She then asked atypical sex chromosomes in determining in Atlanta participants to rate each of the 60 items on a scale of 1 never true of me to 7 always true of me.
In support of the nature debate, psychologist have looked at cultures and tried to show behaviors that are not influenced by gender role. Since the discovery of such genetic variations inaffected individuals and their families have struggled to find reliable sources of knowledge and support.
Instead they may develop genital appearance that appears more feminine or atypical. University Entrance Exams.
Legal Definitions of Gender An example of the implications of legal definitions of sexual affiliation In addition to social implications, sex and gender categorization has important political and legal implications as well. Aneuploidy is the condition of having less than monosomy or more than polysomy the normal diploid number of chromosomes.
The older child or adolescent may be discovered during an endocrine evaluation for delayed or incomplete pubertal development with eunuchoid body habitus, gynecomastia, and small testes.