How China is TRAPPING INDIA using Pakistan & Sri Lanka? :Geopolitics Case study (China's Trade plan) thumbnail

How China is TRAPPING INDIA using Pakistan & Sri Lanka? :Geopolitics Case study (China’s Trade plan)

China's new silk road has been touted as one of the most ambitious infrastructure projects ever conceived one that will dramatically change the landscape of global trade suspicions abound that china does not care about development but about increasing its global influence china peddles corrupt infrastructure deals in exchange for.

Political influence it's the bigger strategic benefits as china's dollars continue to flow as china's concrete continues to pour china's influence continues to increase hi everybody in 2013 the chinese president xi jinping made a grand announcement that took the entire world by surprise this is when he made the.

Announcement of something called the belt and road initiative of china and this initiative is by far the most crucial project that's going to cost china one to eight trillion dollars will take another 27 years to be completed involves 146 nations including major countries like saudi arabia uae and russia and most importantly when.

Completed it will make china the most powerful nation in the world and as much as it scares me to say this if the belt and road initiative goes well india will be nowhere i repeat nowhere close to china so in perhaps the most important geopolitical episode of think school let's try to understand what exactly is.

The belt and road initiative of china how will this make china a global superpower and most importantly what are the study materials that will help you understand china's master plan better so that you can keep an eye on our government as to what is india doing to counter it this video is brought to you by cuckoo fm but more on this at the end.

Of the video first let's start with the basics you see guys there are three important pointers that actually determine how powerful the country is at the global level the first factor is how much of your country's important resources like oil power and communication are.

Dependent on other countries and the power of your nation is inversely proportional to this dependency for example japan although very powerful many fronts when it comes to power japan imports 94 of its primary energy supply from other countries so this makes japan extremely vulnerable.

To energy shortages if geopolitical tensions are against them the second factor is how much is the world dependent on your country for its own supplies for this a classy example is taiwan and like we saw in the china taiwan episode more than 50 percent of the world semiconductor comes from taiwan and this.

Leverage is the reason why india and the united states have formed strong alliances with taiwan and the third factor is that in case of a war time situation who are your country's strategic allies and what are the points they control on the world map that can give you an upper hand over the enemy in case of a wartime situation.

For example if china attacks taiwan the united states has strong allies in naval bases spread all across asia in fact the united states has bases all across the world which makes it very very powerful during war time situation these are the three important points that will define the power of a country at the global.

Level if this is very very clear to you let's understand the case of china firstly when it comes to value add of china to the world you will see that china dominates the solar industry with 97 share of silicon wafers production 79 share of pv sales and 67 share of poly silicon all of which are super important for the solar industry of the world.

Secondly china is the manufacturing superpower of the world with the highest market share of 28.7 percent and u.s imports from china alone amounted to 434.7 billion dollars in 2020. these kind of factors clearly make china very very powerful but if you look at the other two fronts that is allies and dependency you will.

Actually see the weakness of china firstly as far as the military bases are concerned while the united states has very strong relations and has over 800 military bases in more than 70 countries china has just one military base and that too isn't significant enough to give it a wartime advantage secondly tomorrow if a war breaks out the united.

States and india can easily paralyze chinese economy within a jiffy the question is how is that even possible well if you look at the chinese oil imports you will see that most of it comes from the middle east and if you see china has no ports anywhere near the indian peninsula and shanghai hong kong and kiajin port all of them are on the.

Other side of the world so the closest way for the oil tankers to go from the middle east to these ports is through this passage called the strait of malacca which falls within the territorial waters of indonesia malaysia and singapore and guess what according to a warsaw institute report more than 70 of china's petroleum and lng exports.

Is shipped through this strait of malacca on top of that 60 of china's trade flows are moved through this trade and the south china sea so if china does something like russia that is invasion of taiwan or any other nation u.s and india can use an alliance with singapore to choke this point and when done so immediately seventy percent of china's.

Oil supply as well as sixty percent of their trade will be blocked or slowed down and if done so these ships will have no other option but to take a very long route that is said to cost them 200 billion dollars a year and even in those routes there are u.s allies who can make it very difficult for the chinese trade to happen these are the two critical.

Vulnerabilities that china faces against rivals like us and india similarly china also has many vulnerabilities in its trade route which makes it difficult for it to actually command a superpower this is the reason why in 2013 president xi jinping launched something called the one belt one road initiative by which china literally intends to build an.

Alternate rate route by which china can gain dominance over india and the us and eventually it can decrease its vulnerability at the state of malacca and other vulnerable points now let's try to understand this route that china is building very very carefully and automatically you will be able to connect the dots and you will understand.

How is china cunningly building its foundation first of all china identifies countries which are economically weak and more importantly have weak democracies and if you look at the map and the sea route you will see that pakistan sri lanka myanmar and djibouti are the best locations that actually fulfill these criterias then just like.

We saw in the sri lankan pakistan episode china gave away billions of dollars in loan in the name of help and indirectly started owning these assets this stands in stark contrast to china's approach which encourages dependency using opaque contracts predatory loan practices and corrupt.

Deals that mire nations in debt and undercut their sovereignty denying them their long-term self-sustaining growth chinese financial institutions have poured in hundreds of billions of dollars in loans into finance staffed countries but seven years on these china-funded projects have left many countries with a mountain.

Of debt if all the countries are along that dire law especially for the poor and underdeveloped countries if they all ask for the debt relief it will cause huge debt burden for china now let's try to understand this route that china is building very very carefully and automatically you will be able to connect the dots and you will.

Understand how is china cunningly building its foundation first of all china gives out a billion dollar loan to a country like sri lanka and like we saw in the sri lanka episode while the world bank gives out a loan at one to two percent interest china charged 6.3 interest for sri lanka while world bank usually gives out 20 to 30 years of.

Payback period china usually gives only 10 to 15 years to pay back its loan on top of that these projects have to be given to a chinese company only so practically if china gives you a billion dollars for a port you will have to give that billion dollars to a chinese company then that company will get chinese workers all the way from china.

To build a port or a highway for you now the catch over here is that because these chinese companies have a monopoly over the port projects they can easily overbuild sri lanka and the country cannot do anything about it which means even if the port cost the chinese company only 500 million dollars they can still overbill sri lanka for 1.

Billion dollars and sri lanka cannot do anything about it and if they charge more sri lanka will have to go for more loans from china so practically money flows back to china through workers and the chinese companies but on paper sri lanka owes a hefty debt to china with an exorbitant interest of 6.3 percent then since srilanka couldn't pay the.

Debt china took away the humber dota port along with 15 000 acres of land in sri lanka this is how china took away pakistan's guadalupe report on a 40-year lease and also holds a majority stake in djibouti in africa why because djibouti falls in one of the busiest maritime routes in the world and out of 1 billion dollars a day of trade that china does.

With the european union a significant part of this trade passes through this place which is known as the gulf of eden and if you look at djibouti closely you will see that it actually controls the access to both the red sea and the indian ocean on top of that it also connects the asia pacific the persian gulf and most importantly the horn of.

Africa region so it's literally the gateway to the red sea and a critical trade passage to north africa and the middle eastern regions this is the reason why china used the dead trap diplomacy on djibouti on top of that china is also building a port in myanmar which is on the other side of the indian peninsula.

Now the question over here is even if china brings oil and goods to these places it's still far away from the chinese hinterland right so why is china so keen on building these sports in other countries well this is where ladies and gentlemen the second part of the plan comes in wherein we have something called the.

Economic corridor which are basically pipelines railway stations and even highways that will connect these ports directly to the hindu lands of china now in myanmar if you see there is a 793 kilometer long pipeline that was built at a cost of two billion dollars and this pipeline goes from chop view city in myanmar all the way to the yunnan.

Region in china and by 2013 3.2 billion cubic meters of natural gas had been transported from myanmar to china which is still far short of the 12 billion cubic meter capacity of the pipeline on top of that there is also a highway from the myanmar's yangon port to south western china's yunnan province and from there onwards there is a railway line.

That takes it further to china and then you will see that there is a second route that they have through pakistan here first they have the guard report which china has taken on a 40-year lease and then recently pakistani government actually awarded a contract for the construction of a 3021 kilometer of strategic crude oil.

Pipeline that goes from gwadar port in pakistan to xinjiang in china also pakistan has agreed to grant a 20-year tax holiday for profits and income earned by the chinese company from the crude oil pipeline and then we also have a highway that connects pakistan and china from guadalajara to kashgar and guess what.

China is also building a railroad from london to china passing through kazakhstan russia to all the way up to uk germany and italy and then there is also a railway from china to iran passing through uzbekistan to finally ending at tehran in iran and like i said before all throughout these routes there are also.

Supporting infrastructure projects like power plants high high-speed internet cables oil refineries and a lot more all of these in combination with the economic corridors and the maritime routes are expected to make china less vulnerable to the points like state of malacca and the other united states dominated trade routes this is how china.

Is trying to build a very very strategic trade route that will make it a global superpower now whenever it comes to the bri initiative while most media house is often painted as a military tactic of china after spending more than two weeks reading through a lot of research journals what i've read is that military strategists believe that china can only.

Use these places for surveillance and not for attacking secondly in order to build naval bases china needs a lot of supporting infrastructure that right now these countries like sri lanka and pakistan do not have in excess and lastly an important point to be noted over here is that most of these countries that china is dealing with.

They have weak democracies and a weak economy or they are in conflict so wars civil wars and overthrowing of governments will definitely become massive hurdles for china and we're already seeing that happen with pakistan and sri lanka wherein there are massive protests against the chinese projects this is what china's master plan for.

Global dominance looks like and this brings me to the most important part of the episode and those are the study materials to help you dig deeper so that you can understand the belt and road initiative and then understand what is india doing to counter it i know it is a little tedious to go through these study materials i will try to make an episode.

On this separately if the response for this video is really good but for now let's have a look at the starting materials so that you can understand the br initiative regardless of whether or not i make a video on before we move on i want to thank our partners kuku fm for supporting our content people if you're someone who wants to know more about.

Geopolitics in your own regional language then i would highly recommend you to listen to the what if show on cuckoo fm coco fm is india's leading audiobook platform with over 1000 plus hours of content library with over 4.5 plus rating and a huge library of non-fiction content my recent favorite book summaries on their platform are the.

Art of war and the what if series on the cuckoo fm so if this sounds useful to you go ahead use a special link in the description and use the code think20 to get a 20 discount and if you're among the first thousand people to click the link in the description then you can even get a 50 discount using the code think 15. so go ahead and download the.

Coco fmf from the link in the description moving on to the study materials the first material that i have is a new york times article that actually blew my mind about how intricately china planned the bri initiative in order to dominate trade routes all across the world so use this document to have an overview of the vr.

Initiative and then eventually you can dig deeper into each one of these points to understand what strategy china used in order to take control of that particular region the second document i have comes from the organization of economic cooperation and development and here's where you will get an in-depth perspective of the belt and road.

Initiative and the third document is a 60 page deal on the security implications of belt and road initiative so if you're someone who is a different enthusiast or likes army wars and stuff like that i think this will give you a very good understanding of the strategic importance and security implications of the bri initiative so have a look at.

These study materials and do let me know what you think about in the comments section that's all from myself today guys this is the conclusion of the three-part geopolitical series if you learned something valuable please make sure that the like button in order to make youtuber happy and for more such.

Insightful business and political case studies please subscribe to our channel thank you so much for watching i will see you in the next one you

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